Isabel of Hawick. Singer. The only British singer to appear
with Toscanini on three occasions. Toured New Zealand, Malaya
and S. Africa.
Matthew (1761-1823) of Shotts. Physician and Anatomist. Wrote
the first treatise in English on morbid anatomy (1793.
White, fair, pale.
Alexander (1810-77) of Watten, Caithness. Invented the chemical
telegraph in 1843. He also invented an electric clock (1851)
and a fire alarm system.
Alexander (1818-1903) of Aberdeen. Psychologist and writer on
David (1855-1933) of Reay, Caithness. Carriage and wagon superintendent
with the Midland Railway (1902-19). Controller of timber supplies,
Min. of Munitions (1916-18).
Sir Frederick (1889-1950) of Banffshire. Director, Royal Insurance
Co., Liverpool and Globe Ins. Co., Chairman Chemical Con-trol
Board Min. of Supply (1941-44), Chemical Planning Commission
Min. of Production (1943-44).
William Alexander (1905-) of Dunbar. Professor of Pharmocology,
Univ. of Leeds (1946-47), Press editor British Journal of Pharmocology
and Chemotherapy (1953-57).
An old tradition in this family records that William the Lion,
while hunting in one of the southwest counties, happening to
wander from his attendants, was alarmed by the approach of a
wild boar, and calling out for assistance, a gentleman of the
name of Baird, who had followed the king, came up and had the
good fortune to slay the object of the monarch's alarm. For
this signal service, William conferred upon his deliverer large
grants of lands, and assigned him for his coat of arms, a boar
passant, and for his motto: "Dominus fecit," which arms are
to be seen upon an ancient monument of the Bairds of Auchmedden
in the churchyard of Banff.
Sir David (1757-1829) of East Lothian. In 1805-06 he commanded
an expedition which successfully wrested the Cape of Good Hope
from the Dutch.
John Logie (1888-1946) ofHelensburgh. Invented Television. First
shown to the public in 1925.
Local: from Balderston in Linlithgowshire.
Local: from the castle and barony of Balfour near the junction
of the rivers Or and Leven. The family are descended from Sir
Michael de Balfour, temp. William the Lion.
Sir Andrew (1873-1931) of Edinburgh. Novelist and expert on
tropical medicine and public health. Made several important
discoveries in protozoology.
Arthur James (1838-1930) 1st Earl Whittinghame, of E. Lothian.
Prime Minister of Gt. Britain (1902-05).
Sir Isaac Bayley (1853-1922), of Edinburgh. Botanist. Sherardian
Professor of Botany at Oxford (1884-88). Elected Fellow of the
Royal Society in 1884. Editor of The Annals of Botany from 1887.
John Hutton (1808-84) of Edinburgh. Botanist. Keeper of the
Royal Botanic Gardens. Was Dean of the faculty of Medicine in
Edinburgh for 30 years.
Local: from Baalen, and teine, fire, the fire of Baal. A place
where Bal, or Belus, was worshiped by the Celts.
James (1772-1833) of Kelso. Editor and publisher. The first
to introduce an improved style of printing into Scotland.
James (1808-77) of Edinburgh. Poet and painter. Revived the
art of glass painting.
Robert Michael (1825-94) of Edinburgh. Popular writer of books
for boys; The Coral Island, The World of Ice, The Dog Crusoe,
A hill where fires were kindled.
Assumed because of the family being hereditary standard bearers
to the king; they bear in their arms a banner displayed argent,
on a,canton azure, St. Andrew's cross.
William Burney (1858-1924) of Perthshire. Major-General, Surgeon-General,
Madras (1911-18). Elected FRS.
A dresser of the hair and beard.
Originally Berkely. The name signifies a birchfield, and was
from the town of Berkely in Gloucestershire. Roger de Berkely,
a Saxon living at the time of the conquest was the grandfather
of Theobald de Berkely, who settled in Scotland, and was the
ancestor of the Barclays.
William (1907-78) of Wick, Caithness. Professor of Divinity
and Biblical Criticism, Univ of Glasgow (1963-). Lecturer and
Capt. Robert (1779-1854) Scottish soldier and sportsman. Walked
1,000 miles in 1,000 consecutive hours in 1809. He was the sponsor
and trainer of Tom Cribb, the English prize-fighter who retired
unbeaten. Drove a coach non-stop from London to Aber-deen for
A valiant man.
Local: from the parish of Barr in Ayrshire.
Archibald (1855-1931) from near Paisley. Engineer, who with
William Stroud founded the firm Barr & Stroud, Scientific instrument
makers and pioneers in Naval range finders.
Robert (1850-1912) of Glasgow. Novelist and journalist. Became
the reporter on the Detroit Free Press in 1881. He collaborated
with Jerome K. Jerome in founding The Idler.
Sir James Matthew (1860-1937) of Kirriemuir. Playwright, journalist
and author of considerable merit. Creator of Peter Pan in 1904.
His other works incl. The Admirable Crichton (1902) and Dear
James (1886-1964) of Ayrshire. Philosopher and economist. Financial
Sec. to the Egyptian Govt. (1925-28). Financial adviser to the
Govt. of Siam (1932-35) and to the Govt. of Burma (1937-43).
Financial and Economic Expert to the Egyptian Govt. (1943-46).
Baxter, James Houston (1894-1973) of Glasgow. Prof. of Ecclesias-tical
History, Univ. of St Andrews (1922-). Sec. of the British Academy
Committee on the Dictionary of Mediaeval Latin.
Stanley (1926-) of Glasgow. Award winning actor on stage and
TV. His Big Picture Show won an award for the best light entertainment
programme of 1973, and his Moving Picture Show voted best comedy
show of 1974 by the Broadcasting Press Guild and Soc. of Films
and TV Arts.
William T. (1906-) of Edinburgh. Professor of Accounting, London
School of Economics (1947-). Prof. of Accounting, Univ. of Cape
Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922) of
Edinburgh. Went to America where he invented the telephone in
1875-76. Became Professor of Vocal Physiology at Boston Univ.
in 1873. He also invented the photo-phone, a device for optically
showing sound waves.
Alexander Melville (1819-1922) of Edinburgh. Teacher of elocution.
Practised a system of visible speech, by which deaf-mutes could
be taught to speak. Was the father of Alexander Graham Bell.
Andrew (1753-1832) of St Andrews. Clergyman and philanthropist.
While superintendent of an orphanage school in Madras he introduced
the system of 'Monitor assistants' which was later universally
Sir Charles (1774-1842) of Edinburgh. Anatomist and surgeon.
Discovered the function of sensory and motor nerves. Facial
paralysis, known as 'Bell's Palsy' is named after him.
John (1681-1780) of Stirlingshire. Traveller and physician to
Russian and Persian Embassies (1715-18) and to China through
Sir John (1782-1876) of Fifeshire. General who distinguished
himself in the Peninsular War. From 1828 to 1841 he was Chief
Secretary to the Governor of the Cape of Good Hope. He was Lieut.-Governor
of Guernsey (1848-52).
John E. (1886-) of Edinburgh. Vice-Consul at Paris (1911), Boston
(1912), Belgian Congo (1913-14), Magellans, Chile (1915-19),
Santa Domingo (1920), Bahia, Brazil (1930-32), Basle (1932-34).
Con-sul at Galveston, USA (1920-23), Portland, Oregon (1923-29).
Consul General at Cologne (1934-39), Zurich (1939-42) and Strasburg
John Joy (1871-1934) of Glasgow. Novelist. His Wee MacGregor
(1902) humorous sketches in Glasgow, sold 250,000 copies.
Revd Patrick (1799-1869) of Arbroath. Invented a mechanical
reaper in 1826. He did not patent his reaper and made no money
out of it.
Harry (1899-) of Aberdeen. Sometime adviser with UNESCO delegation,
Florence. Produced many papers and articles on literary, historical
and educational subjects.
Bell, Henry (1767-1830) of Torphichan Mill, Linlithgow. Pioneer
of steam navigation with the 30 ton steamship Comet, launched
Local: From the barony of Belsches in Roxburghshire. The name
has been written Belasis, Belases, Belshes, Belshaes, and Belsches.
The family are descended from Ralph de Belasyse in Durham, who
was settled there soon after the Conquest.
A contraction of Benedict, from Benedictus, blessed.
James Gordon (1795-1873) of Keith. Journalist and editor. Issued
the first number of the New York Times in 1835.
James Gordon (1841-1918) son and successor of James aforementioned.
In 1870 he sent Stanley to find Livingstone and with the Daily
Telegraph, financed Livingstone's Congo Journey (1874-78). He
also promoted polar explorations, yachting, motoring and storm
John (1893-) of Ratho. Major-General, Director of Medicine and
Consulting Physician to the Army (1947-51).
Roland A. (1899-) educ. Stornoway and Edinburgh. Major-General,
Consulting Physician to the Far East Land Forces (1946-49).
Director of Medicine to the Army (1955-59) and Hon. Physician
to the Queen (1955-59).
Fair and pure.
Local: from the town of Bethune in France. The Scottish branch
of the family are descended from Robert de Bethune who came
to Scotland in 1165.
Local: from the town of Biggar in Lanarkshire.
The hill near the water, from bin, a hill, and ea, water.
The family bear a wagon in their arms because of one of them
having, temp. David II, gone as leader of a party in a wagon,
covered with hay, and surprised and taken from the English the
Castle of Linlithgow.
Local: from the parish of Birney in Elginshire.
Black, Adam (1784-1874) of Edinburgh.
Publisher. Achieved fame through the purchase of the Encylopaedia
Britannica in 1872, after Constable's failure, and of Scott's
novels from Cadell's representative in 1851.
Black, Sir James (1924-) son of a Fife miner. Professor of Analytical
Pharmocology. Inventor of beta-blockers which prevent heart
attacks, etc. Based in London he has been described as an immensely
gifted man. Has had many awards including the 1988 Nobel Prize
Black, Joseph (1728-99) of Edinburgh. Chemist. He showed that
the causticity of lime and the alkalies is due to the absence
of fixed air (carbon dioxide) presence in limestone and the
carbonates of the alkalies. His fame rests chiefly in the theory
of 'Latent heat' (which he evolved).
William (1841-98) of Glasgow. Novelist and journalist. War correspondent
during the Austro-Prussian War. He wrote over 30 books.
John Stuart (1809-95) of Glasgow. Eminent writer, poet and philologist.
Local: from the lands of Blackader in Berwickshire - they bear
an adder sable for their crest.
The black stream.
Alexander (1704-47) of Aberdeen. Adventurer, agriculturist and
self-appointed physician. Was beheaded in 1747.
Local: from the lands of Blackwood in Lanarkshire.
A cleared plain, and as this was often the ground selected for
combats and battles, Blair came to signify a battle. The family
are descended from William de Blair, 1205.
Sir Chandos (1919-) Lieut.-General. Commanded 4th KAR, Uganda
(1959-61), GOC 2nd Div. BAOR (1968-70). Governor of Edinburgh
Robert (1699-1746) of Edinburgh. Divine and theological writer.
Author of The Grave (1743, a poem nearly 800 lines long).
Robert (-d. 1828) of Murchiston, nr. Edinburgh. naval Surgeon.
In 1785 was appointed to the newly established Regius Chair
of Astronomy at the Univ. of Edinburgh. He was the inventor
of fluid-filled achromatic lenses for telescopes.
William (Mr Justice Blair-Kerr) (1911-) of Dumblane. Director
of Weapons and Engineering, Air Ministry (1958-60). On British
Defence Staff Washington (1960-63). Ex-Puisne Judge Supreme
Court, Hong Kong.
Blair-OLIPHANT, David N. K. (1911-) of Blairgowrie. Air Vice-Marshal
RAF, Vice President (Air) Ordnance Board (1963-).
George (1746-81) from near Bothwell. British diplomat selected
as Envoy to the Lama of Tibet in 1774. The first Briton to cross
the Tsanpu in its upper range. Became a personal friend of the
Local: from Bonare in Perthshire. The family are descended from
Sir William de Bonare, Baron of Bonare, temp. William the Lion.
carrier of barrows.
Local: from the lands of Borthwick on Borthwick Water in Selkirkshire.
The family are descended from Thomas de Borthwick, temp. David
Local: from bosch, a wood, and ville, a village. The family
was established in Scotland, temp. David I.
James (c.1790-1836) of Scottish descent, a colonel in the Texas
forces and hero of the Alamo. The Bowie knife is named after
him, a knife of his own design first used by him in a fight
in Mississippi in 1827.
An archer. The family bear a bow in their arms, and also in
Fair complexioned. The family are descended from Robert, surnamed
Boyt on account of his fair complexion, living in 1205; he was
the son of Simon the third son of Allan, Lord Stewart of Scotland.
Sir John (1891-) of Largs. Brigadier and authority on tropical
diseases and bacterial viruses. Hon. Secretary Royal Society
of Tropical Diseases.
Lachlan M. (1904-) of South Uist. Secretary for African Affairs
(1951-55). Minister of Local Government, Uganda (1955-60).
Thomas J. L. Stirling (1886-1973) of Edinburgh. Barrister-at-law,
Chief Justice, Sarawak (1930-39); Air Ministry (1939-43). Chairman,
Works and Traffic Committee, Westminster C.C. (1952-55) and
Westminster Health Society (1956-59).
Sir John, 1st Baron (1880-1971) of Kilmaurs, Ayrshire. Physiologist
and nutritional expert. Director-General World Food and Agricultural
Organization (1945-48). Awarded Nobel prize in 1940.
Originally Bois, a wood, a forest.
Probably originally Boyville, from Bouville, a parish near Rouen,
France. The Scottish family are descended from Richard Boyle
of Kelburn in Ayrshire.
A rash or eruption.
Local: from the town of Brechin in Forfarshire. Henry Brechin
was created Lord Brechin by David I.
James (1784-1856) of Keiss, Caithness. Engineer, shipraiser,
designer and constructor of harbours. Was mainly respon-sible
and instrumental in refloating the grounded ss Great Britain
in Dundrum Bay in 1847.
Sir David (1781-1868) of Jedburgh. Philosopher, physicist and
inventor of great scientific attainments. Invented the Kaleidoscope
in 1816 and developed the Stereoscope. Made important discoveries
on the polarization of light. Founder of the British Association.
'Brewster's Law' bears his name. Elected Fellow of the Royal
Descended from Rev Edward Bruce, a younger son of the Laird
of Airth, who settling in Ireland early in the seventeenth century,
changed his name to Bryce, since altered to brice.
James (pen-name of Osborne Henry Navor), (1888-1951) of Glasgow.
Author and dramatist. His first London play was The Anatomist
(1931). He was for a time Professor of Medicine at Anderson
A passionate man, from brim, to be violent.
A place where courts were held; brys, a trial at law, and bann,
a mount; breasban, the royal mount. The family of Brisbane is
of considerable antiquity ; the present descendants are in possession
of an elbow chair made of oak, having the family arms, with
the date 1357 carved on the back. William Brisbane was Chancellor
of Scotland in 1332.
Sir Thomas Makdougall (1773-1860) of Largs. General and astronomer.
Governor of New South Wales (1851-60). Brisbane, the capital
of Queensland is named after him. He built the first Australian
Local: from the lands of Brodie in Morayshire. The name signifies
a precipice. The family are descended from Malcolm, Thane of
Brodie, temp. Alexander III.
George (c. 1786-1867) of East Lothian. Historian, remem-bered
for his History of the British Empire from the Accession of
Charles I to the Restoration.
William (1815-81) of Banff. Sculptor. One of his major works
is a statue of Queen Victoria in Windsor Castle.
A small river.
Henry Peter, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868) of Edinburgh.
Law reformer, orator, debater and writer on an incredible variety
of subjects, including Mathematical and Physical Science, Metaphysics,
History, Theology and Romance. Became Lord Chancellor. The Brougham
carriage was named after him.
Originally Broun, and Le Brun - dark complexioned. The family
have been free Barons of Colstoun in Haddingtonshire, since
1116. The family claim descent from the Royal family of France.
A. B. of Edinburgh. In 1870 patented a servo-motor for the hydraulic
steering of ships by steam, air or oil.
Alexander Crum (1838-1922) of Edinburgh. Chemist who worked
on chemical nomenclature and the application of mathematics
to chemistry. The rule of substitution of benzine derivatives
bears his name. Elected FRS in 1879.
Sir Arthur Whitten (1886-1948) of Glasgow. Aviator who with
Capt. John Alcock made the first direct crossing of the Atlantic
by aeroplane in 1919, in a Vickers Vimy bomber.
George (1790-1865) from near Elgin. General who distinguished
himself in the Crimea, in the battle of Alma, and at Sebas-topol.
George, (1818-80) Scots-born Canadian statesman and journalist.
Founded the Toronto Globe in 1844.
George Douglas (1869-1902) of Ochiltree, Ayrshire. Novelist
son of a farmer. Best remembered for his novel The House with
the Green Shutters (1901) which was written under the pseudonym
George Mackay (1922-) of Stromness, Orkney. Poet and short story
writer. Published his first vol. of poetry The Storm in 1954.
Short story vols. incl. A Calendar of Love (1967) and A Time
to Keep (1969).
John (1722-87) from near Abernethy. Herd-boy and pack-man who
studied philosophy and became a preacher in 1750. He was the
author of the Self Interpreting Bible.
John (1735-88) of Berwickshire. Physician. Founder of the 'Brunonian'
system of medicine.
John (c.1825-83) of Crathie, Aberdeenshire. For thirty years
was Queen Victoria's personal servant and confidant.
John of Paisley. About 1840 with William Polson produced a cornflour
powder when they were trying to make starch for cloth from maize.
Brown and Poison later became part of a world-wide concern with
a large range of other food products.
Robert (1773-1858) of Montrose. Botanist famed for his discovery
of the nucleus of living cells. In 1805 he brought home nearly
40,000 species of plants from Australia. It was his discovery
in 1827 of the irregular movement of pollen grains and the physical
concept known as 'Brownian motion'. Elected FRS in 1811.
Robert (1842-95) of Camster, Caithness. Botanist, geographer
and author. Travelled Greenland, subarctic Canada, West Indies
and the Barbary States. His books include The Countries of the
World and Science for all.
Thomas. Scottish engineer who in 1977 invented a computer-linked
3-D electric eye scanner for viewing inside the human body.
Sir William Scott (1890-1968) of Kelso. Secretary to the Board
of Revenue (1924-27) and to the Govt. Public Works Dept., Madras
(1935-37). Chief Sec. to the Govt. of Madras (1946-47)
Local: from Bruys in Normandy; Robert de Bruys was one of the
followers of William the Conqueror, and received from that monarch
grants of ninety-four lordships in Yorkshire; his son Robert
de Brus obtained from David I the lands of Annandale, and was
the ancestor of the Scottish family of Bruce.
Alexander Hugh, 6th Baron Balfour of Burleigh (1849-1921) of
Kennet. Statesman, Lord-in-waiting to Queen Victoria. Sec. Board
of Trade (1889-92). Described as one of the most outstanding
figures of his day in Scottish public life.
Sir David (1855-1931) Melbourne-born Scot. Physician and naturalist.
Discovered the causes of Malta fever and sleeping sickness.
Elected FRS in 1884.
James (1730-94) of Kinnaird, Stirlingshire. Explorer in Africa.
First to find the source of the Blue Nile. Discovered Tississat
Falls in 1770. His Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile
(1790) was published in 5 volumes. Described as a formidable
man, Bruce was 6' 4" in height and strong in proportion, had
dark red hair and a very loud voice. He died as a result of
tripping and falling downstairs when offering his hand to a
Sir John K., (1905-75) Surgeon. Lecturer on surgery in the USA,
Canada, Australia, England and Copenhagen. Hon. Surgeon to the
Queen in Scotland (1960). He was honoured by many institutions
throughout the world.
ROBERT THE (1274-1327) of Lochmaben or Turnberry Castle. King
of Scotland. Remembered as Scotland's national hero. His memorable
defeat of the English at Bannockburn (1314) was remark-able
when by his superior generalship he deprived the enemy of their
huge numerical advantage.
Sir William (-d. 1710) of Kinross. Architect Royal to Charles
II. Rebuilt Holyrood (1671-79).
William Speirs (1867-1921), of Edinburgh. Naturalist, explorer
and lecturer on geography, oceanography and zoology. Leader
of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition (1902-04) when
he discovered part of Coats Island. Took part in many polar
and other expeditions and surveys in the Antarctic, Waddell
Sea and Spitsbergen (1890-1920).
Sir Thomas Lauder (1844-1916) of Hiltonshill, Rox-burgshire.
Physician and Pharmacologist. His best known clinical con-tribution
was the introduction of amyi nitrate in the treatment of angina
David (1803-76) of Edinburgh. Architect (Scottish Baronial).
Has been described as one of the greatest architects of his
age. His honours incl. FRIBA, RSA and Grand Architect for Scotland.
Local: from the district of Buchan in Aberdeenshire.
Alastair F., born in 1918. 3rd son of novelist John Buchan,
First Baron Tweedsmuir. Prof. of International Relations at
Oxford (1972-). In 1958 became first Director of the Institute
of Strategic Studies.
Alexander (1829-1907) of Kinnesswood, nr. Kinross. Meteorologist.
Pioneer of the Isobar System.
Buchan, John, First Baron Tweedsmuir of Elsfield (1875-1940)
of Perth. Author and Statesman. Governor of Canada (1935-40).
Best remembered for his novels Prestor John (1910) and The Thirty-nine
Buchan, Peter (1790-1854) of Peterhead. Printer and ballad collector.
His works incl., Gleanings of Scotch, Irish and English, Scarce
Old Ballads (1825) and Ancient Ballads and Songs of the North
of Scotland (1828).
Buchan, William (1729-1805) ofAncarm, Roxburghshire. Physician.
In 1769 he published the first edition of Domestic Medicine
or the Family Physician, the first of its kind in this country.
Local: from the parish of Buchanan in Stirlingshire. The family
are descended from Macoum de Boquhanan, whose name is on the
Ragman's Roll, 1296.
Francis Hamilton (1762-1879) of Callander, Perthshire. Surgeon,
agriculturist, botanist and zoologist. Was founder of India's
first zoo. He carried out extensive route surveys across Mysore,
Canara and Malabar in 1800, and later in Bengal and Bahar. His
last post in India was Superintendent of Calcutta Botanical
Gardens. Was a fellow of the Royal Society.
George (1506-82) of Killearn. Historian and scholar. Tutor to
Mary, Queen of Scots (1562) and to Montaigne and James VI. Described
as the most distinguished British humanist of his day, and had
a reputation throughout Europe.
Sir George (1795-1890) of Glasgow. Philanthropist , founder
of the Cunard Shipping Company with his brother James.
Henry S. Mackenzie (b. 1900-) of Aberdeen. Director Shell Oil
Co. Inc., New York (1947) and of US Petroleum Instil (1947-60).
James (1789-1871) of Glasgow. Brother of Sir George and founder
of the Cunard Shipping Company.
Burns, Robert (1759-96) of Alloway, near Ayr. Scottish Natic
Bard of world-wide fame. One of the greatest of all writers
of 1 songs. His vitality of expression was extraordinary. His
works appea at least 37 languages, incl. Russian, Chinese and
William (b. 1884-) of Montrose. Economic Botanist to Bombay
Govt. (1908), Principal, Poona College of Agricult (1922-32),
Director of Agriculture, Bombay (1932-36) and Agricult Commissioner
to the Govt. of India (1939-45).
William (b. 1909-) of Stonehaven. Professor of Phys ogy, Charing
Cross Hospital Medical School (1947-). Member of Physiological
Society, the Ergonomics Research Soc. and the Brii Assoc. for
the Advancement of Science.
Burns, William C. (1815-68) of Forfarshire. Missionary to Chi
Universally regarded as having
The banks of a brook.
A little brook. The family is of Saxon origin, but the Scottish
branch have been seated for more than five centuries in the
north of Scotland, and are descended from Robert Burnard, 1128.
They bear a hunting horn in their arms, indicative of their
office of king's foresters in the north.
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