13th-century ruin. Surviving towers, hall and chapel recall a
colourful history. Besieged 1404 and dismantled after 1715 Jacobite
Rising. Fine garden sheltered by canopy of beeches.The gatehouse
is quite ruined, but defended by two towers. Nearby is the hall
block, the walls of which are the best preserved part of the castle.
At one time, it was thought that the d-shaped court was about
55m across. Only the hall and parts of the 2.6m thick curtain
wall have been dated to 1228-40 as part of the orginal castle.
Since Kildrummy has been sacked, destroyed, and rebuilt many times,
it is interesting that parts of the original walls still stand.
two d-shaped towers that flank the entrance are from 1260-1300.
The four towers have plinths, or slighly widened bases. However,
the towers forming the outer part of a gatehouse on the south
side have battered bases instead of plinths.
the gatehouse and the other towers had passages leading to latrines
in the adjacent sections of a curtain wall.Each tower has a staircase,
only the lowerst courses remain fo the Snow Tower, although part
stood to it's full height before it collapsed in 1805. It was 16m
warder's tower still partly stands, although the inner parts are
gone. the lowest room with a lastrine but no windows ws a prison.
Nest to the Warden's tower is a postern from chich a passage led
down to a cistern chamber and a means of escape beside the stream.
original castle dates from the 12th century, and was a small motte
created out of the top of a glacial mound. This stone castle,
west of the original, was built under the direction of Gilbert
de Moravia, Bishop of Caithness, for Alexander II to command the
roads between the provinces of Moray and Mar.
remained a powerful fortress when the Earls of Mar had custody
of it. Edward I of England was at Kildrummy in 1296 and 1303;
in 1305 he ordered Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, custodian. In
1306, Edward besieged Kildrummy and the ladies of Bruce's court,
during the Lord's absence. The women put up a good defense but
were forced to submit after Osborne the blacksmith treacherously
set fire to the grain stores and the castle. Stone does burn.
The garrison were caught and history records that the women were
point, the castle was rendered uninhabitable by the destruction
of the west wall, but it is likely this was done by the Bruce's
themselves to keep Kildrummy out of English hands.
castle was restored by 1333, when it formed the prison of Duncan,
Earl of Fife. David II visited the castle several times, and (what
a lousy guest!) he besieged and captured it in 1361. In 1404,
the castle was awarded to Alex Stewart, who took it by marrying
Isabela, Countess of Mar. She wasn't a willing bride on this occasion.
On Alex's death in 1435, the castle and earldom were retained
by James I.
1507, Kildrummy was granted to Alexander, 1st lord of Elphinstone,
whose family retained it until 1626. They remodelled what is now
called the Elphinstone Tower. In 1531, the castle was stormed
and plundered by the freebooter John Strachan. In 1690, Graham
of Claverhouse burnt the castle rather than allow it to be occupied
by the English.
again, Kildrummy was rebuilt, and it was occupoed by 1715. It
was subsequently dismantled by the government and became a quarry
for the district, the fate of many large stone castles. Repairs
were executed from 1898 to 1931, and it was then given to the
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